SHINTO-MUSO RYU JODO
Translation by Arun Roberts and edited by Greg Clarke, representative,
Sumera Budo-juku, Australia Branch.
【 Brief History 】
Muso Gonnosuke Katsuyoshi, the founder of Muso Shinto-ryu Jo, is said to have lived during the Keichou era (roughly 400 years ago). He became a student of Iishino Yamashiro no Kami Ienao, the founder of Katori Shinto-ryu Bujutsu and received Menkyo, mastering the inner teachings of Katori Shinto-ryu. It is also said he was initiated in the Gokui of Kashima Shin-ryu, the “Ichi no Tachi”.
During this period Muso Gonnosuke duelled with many skilled swordsmen and remained unbeaten until he was defeated by Juujidome in a duel with Miyamoto Musashi, a master swordsman of the same generation.
this, in an effort to find a way to beat Musashi's Juujidome, Muso Gonnosuke
went to the region of Chikuzen (present-day Chikushi-gun in Fukuoka-ken) and climbed
then on, Shinto Muso-ryu Jo came to be used by the Kuroda-han of
In recent years, Shinto Muso-ryu Jo has received high evaluations as a prominent Bujutsu that is practical and applicable. Before World War 2, Shinto Muso-ryu was used in the training of famous Kendo and Judo practitioners, the Youth Marines (Sea Scouts), and Manchukuo Youths. After the war, Shinto Muso-ryu Jo was employed by the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department's Riot Squad and by the Osaka-fu Police Riot Squad as “Keijo”. In modern times popularisation has been progressing nationally in various organizations, enterprises, and University club activities in such places such as
This Dojo endeavours to popularise and pass on Shinto Muso-ryu Jo as a constituent of Aijokai (Aichi-jo-Kai; Aichi Jo Group), which succeeds and draws upon the techniques and the spirit of the late Hamaji Kouichi-shihan the leading disciple of the late Shimizu Takaji-shihan, the father of modern jo popularisation. Hamaji sensei contributed actively to Budo and to the cultivation of many a young practitioners and paved the way for the popularisation of Shinto Muso-ryu Jo.
【 Brief timeline of Hamaji Kouichi-shihan's life 】
Begins training with
Began work with South Manchuria Railway Company. Sent for one year to train
Jodo instructors in the now former “Manchu-kuo” from 1943, travelling
The war ends and he returns home from Manchuria, lives in
1960: Moves to
Begins to teach Jodo
seriously at Isshin Temple of Yagoto, in Shouwa district,
1964: Initiated in the Gomuso by Shimizu-sensei and Otofuji-sensei.
1966: Receives a Menkyo
1968: Takes part in the Taiwanese Kobudo Goodwill Enbu as a leader of the Japanese delegation.
1971: Becomes an eighth-dan under Zenkenren Jodo.
1972: Retires from Toho Rika Co. Ltd.
1978: Admitted to hospital for a gallstone operation.
1979: Forms and becomes the first president of the Aijokai.
1980: Composes “Jo juuni kun (12 precepts of Jo)” as words entrusted to the next generation.
1981: Becomes a Zenkenren Jodo Hanshi. From June 5th, performs 108 days religious ascetism. Publishes “Shinto Muso-ryu Jo to Sono Denshou” (Shinto Muso-ryu and its transmission).
1984: Dedicates the Jo
and Bokuto handed down to the Hamaji house in
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【Regarding the publication of Shinto Muso-ryu “Jo no Hinkaku”.】
Amongst the belongings of the late Gerald Toff, a tape recorded interview with the late Hamaji Kouichi-shihan (first generation head of Aijokai) has been found. Collated in the form of a manuscript with permission from his wife it has reached the stage where it can be published as “Jo no Hinkaku”
According to the records, the tape was taken at the home of Hamaji Kouichi-shihan, on 3rd January, 1977.
Mr. Toff was also a member of Aijokai and while working as a university professor, he was well known both as a Kobudo researcher and as commentator on a Sumo documentary aimed at the overseas market, airing on NHK's free-to-air network.
This book contains glimpses of Hamaji-shihan as one who has studied Jo through both the Meiji and the Taisho eras, living in the style of a Bushi. He talks on the history of the spread of Shinto Muso-ryu Jo and the teachers who worked towards it. Also mentioned are his requests to those who will pass on Jo to the next generation.
For modern practitioners of Shinto Muso Ryu, this book enlightens the true meaning of budo and is assuredly an important and viable reference for this generation.
I hope to contribute to the continuing growth of Jodo by introducing this book to all practitioners of Budo with the same fervour as those practicing jo. Hamaji Mitsuo, President of Aijokai, 25th August, 2008.
【 杖十二訓 Jo juni kun 】 濱地光一先生詠 昭和五拾五年四月
Mi o motte hito o tasukeru tue no goto kono sugata koso mononofu no michi.
An ideal samurai
is like the Jo.
He helps people
at the sacrifice of himself.
Shinbutsu mo koe no chikara de arawaruru ikkatsu hittou kisei yashinae.
The power of
voice can evoke
even God and Buddaha.
Cultivate a powerful voice
that defeats your enemy.
Uchidachi wa furereba kireru ken naruzo kokoro ni tomete ken o osoruna.
Keep in mind that uchidachi is a sword
that will cut you if it touches you;
but you should never fear swords.
 uchidachi has two meanings: (1) a wooden sword (2) the person who uses uchidachi in Jo practice. The uchidachi in this sentence means (1) a wooden sword.
Sen atari hamono motsu mi no kou ejiki ten de utu koso jo no uchi nari.
Don’t hit your opponent with the side of Jo,
or you will fall prey to he, who has the sword.
Hit him with the end of Jo.
五、太刀は鋼 杖は樫 ガツンと当てずに 円るくずらしていなす心で。
Tachi wa kane jo wa kashi gatsun to atezu ni maruku zurashite inasu kokoro
Tachi is steel; Jo is oak.
Don’t hit tachi hard
but parry it by sliding Jo along its length
as if to chide the tachi.
Orikaesu tekubi no nigiri de teki o ute ushirode no chikara makase wa waza
When you swing Jo to hit your opponent,
use the grip of your orikaesu-te.
If you swing Jo with gote forcefully,
you can’t make an effective attack.
Kawashitsutsu kote o uchiage me o seishi taisei kuzushite waza kakeyo.
Parrying the opponent’s sword,
hit his wrists from under aiming the end of Jo at his eyes.
Before using Kuri-techniques, unbalance his posture.
 Kuri-tsuke, Kuri-hanashi, and Tai-atari
furuki kata sukoshi mo tagawazu kurikaese shizen ni minituku ki jo tai.
Practice the time-honored techniques repeatedly.
Imitate them exactly as your teacher shows.
Aim at attaining a perfect unity of Jo, body, and spirit.
Shi mo uchi mo shintai tomoni utsu kokoro korega nakereba odori douzen.
Both shidachi and uchidachi should always keep in mind
the spirit of attack in both forward and backward movements.
Without this spirit, your Jo is a kind of dance.
十一、仕合高上希うなら 起きて素振りと ねて工夫。
Shiai koujo negau nara okite suburi to nete kufu.
If you want to make a progress in Jo,
practice suburi during the day;
exercise ingenuity during the night.
 to practice the movement of wielding Jo by yourself
Iroiro to shuju ni heihou utaedomo shinken shobu ni kimari nashi.
However many and various Jo techniques there may be,
there is no rule in actual fighting.
【 Jodo kara Manabu mono (Things learned from Jodo) 】
by Hamaji Kouichi-shihan, posthumous publication.
The straight shape of the Jo, crafted to be strong and true, harmonious and smooth, represents the honesty of the Kami and the compassion of the Buddha.
Through remembering the spirit of the Jo, the cultivation of a body and spirit to face up to all and any hardships by training again and again in the Shinkengata, that our past teachers staked their lives to obtain. Such is the way of Shinto Muso-ryu Jojutsu.
In the Densho it is written, “There is nothing other than the Jo to teach a person without causing injury.”
The strategy therein is to disturb the enemy’s senses, make it impossible for him to use his weapons, and take your spirit and use it to defeat your enemy completely, without spilling blood. Of the workings of this Jo it is also written, “Held, a sword; swept, a naginata; thrust, a yari; the Jo is, in essence also un-parriable.”
Should peace prevail, without realising it, the strength of spirit and of body to stand up to important tasks declines; without realising it we will only come to think of merely escaping when we meet challenges; without realising it we forget out principles, fawn upon the strong, and renounce responsibility. In the end we also endanger our country.
I am one who believes Jojutsu to be a most necessary Budo in modern times. It is a Budo capable of cultivating a robust body and spirit, one which proceeds directly along a true path. It is a Budo capable of reviving the body and spirit which we have nearly lost.
【 Techniques of Shinto Muso-ryu Jodo and the training syllabus 】
( taken from Hamaji Kouichi-shihan's notes. )
1.Honte uchi 2. Gyakute uchi 3. Hikiotoshi uchi 4.Kaeshi tsuski 5.Gyakute tsuki 6.Maki otoshi 7.Kuri tsuke 8.Kuri hanashi 9.Tai atari 10. Tsuki hazushi uchi 11.Dou barai uchi 12. Tai hazushi uchi
zue 4.Hissage 5.Sakan 6.
7.Kasumi 8.Monomi 9.Kasa no shita 10.Ichi rei 11.Neya no uchi 12.Hoso michi
riki 2.Oshizume 3.Midare
dome 4.Ushiro zue (zen / go) 5.Taisha 6.Kengome
7.Kirikake 8.Shinshin 9.Rai uchi 10.Yoko giri dome 11.Harai dome 12.Seigan
otoshi 2.Tsuba wari 3.Tsuki
zue 4.Hissage 5.Sakan 6.Ukan
7.Kasumi 8.Monomi 9.Kasa no
shita 10.Ichi rei (zen /
go) 11.Neyanouchi (zen /
go) 12. Hoso
1.Ichimonji 2.Juumonji 3. Nito kodachi otoshi
4.Mijin 5.Mijin 6.Gan tsubushi
Gohon no Midare
1.Tachi otoshi no midare 2. Sakan no midare 3.Kengome no midare
Shamen no midare
Okuden (Shiai kuchi)
1.Sengachi 2.Tsukidashi 3.Uchitsuke 4. Kotedome 5. Hiki sute 6.Kote garami
Mikaeri 9.Aun . 10.Uchiwake 11.
Gomuso no jo ( Gokui Hiden )
Yumemakura 3. Murakumo 4.
NB 1: Until Ranai is completed, Tachi otoshi, Midare dome, Kengome, and Yoko giri dome are practiced with Go no sen. After Ranai has been learnt practice them with Shidachi seizing the initiative.
NB 2: Aside from the above, there are variations and different teachings of each form and they are taught in accordance with the practitioner’s degree of ability.
1.Ai suri 2.Ai suri 3. Juu 4. Chi barai
5.Sarin 6. Nito ai 7.Uke kaeshi 8. Suri komi
1.In chuu 2.Uke
nagashi 3.Mi uke
dome 4.Tsuki dashi
1.Kote kudaki 2. Kote kudaki 3. Sutemi 4.Kuri tsuke 5.Suigetsu 6.Suigetsu 7.Ushirozue 8.Shamen 9.Shamen 10.Kobushi kudaki 11.Sune ku daki 12.Irimi
Zanken 4.Ke age 5.Ichi ran
7.Ippuu 8.Me ate 9.Uto 10.Gorin 11. Issei 12. Kasumi no ken
Names the same as the Omote with one rope tying form.
Soemi 3.Hagaeshi 4.Mugan 5.Juumonji 6.
7. Furikomi 8. Iso no nami 9.Maki otoshi 10.Mitokoro zume 11.Uki fune 12. Sode garami
Names are the same as the Omote. Furikomi becomes three kata.
Sa 4.yu 5.Yari
ai 6.Yari ai
Hishi nawa 3.Juumonji
nawa 4. Hagai
【 Levels of training and their respective teachings 】
Taken from Hamaji Kouichi-shihan's notes, partially modified
1. Novice Shinto Muso-ryu Jodo Kihon, Omote, Chudan, Ran ai, Uchida-ryu Tanjojutsu.
2. Intermediate Kage, Samidare, Gohon no Midare, Ikkaku-ryu Jittejutsu (Omote).
3. Advanced Oku, Ikkaku-ryu
Jittejutsu (Ura), Isshin-ryu Kusarigamajutsu (Omote / Ura),
Shinto-ryu Kenjutsu, Ittatsu-ryu Hojojutsu.
Training Assistants (Okuiri, Shomokuroku, Gomokuroku).
4. Unlimited Repetitious training in
entire syllabus, instruction of juniors.
Internal Jodo Links
In remembrance of Kouichi Hamaji-shihan
To speak of Nishioka
“Kenjo Shiki Kuden shou” Member's only (A private note on Jo by Hiroaki Ishida)
20TH SHINTO-MUSO-RYU JO AISEIKAI SEMINAR IN NAGOYA
On Sunday, March 2, 2014 a seminar teaching the spirit and technique of Shihan Tsuneo Nishioka Jo will be held. Nishioka Shihan was given Menkyo Kaiden by Takaji Shimizu Shihan and is now one of the most significant and skillful Jo practitioners in Japan.
Stress will be placed on the basic, essential techniques of Nishioka Shihan’s Jo: the fundamental teachings of Honte and Gyakute, the primary striking and wielding lines of Honte-uchi, Gyakute-uchi, and Hikiotoshi-uchi, and the differences in the roles of Uchi-dachi and Shi-dachi.
Those who are currently dissatisfied with Jo as it is taught conventionally are strongly recommended to participate in our training session. The mission of this seminar is to assure proper understanding and the deep, underplaying meanings behind each movement in Shinto -muso-ryu Jo.
Mituo Hamati, Hiroaki Ishida, Takashi Tomita
Beginners and advanced students welcome regardless of race, nationality, age, sex, and Jo practice experience.
Sunday September 13, 2015 from 9:30 to 17:00
Nagoya Higashi Sport Center
3,000 yen per person
Postal code 467-0827
2nd Floor, Mizuho-biru, 1-33 Shimosaka-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya